Cave No. 23 is another richly decorated twelve-pillared vihara. A vihara is a monastery with a sanctuary in the structure's rear centre. The four columns of the verandah have square bases and circular shafts. There are small dwarapalas (gatekeepers) at the doors. These dwarapalas were canopied by the many-hooded snake. There are chapels at the end of the verandah and of the left aisle.
The Ajanta Caves which includes paintings and sculptures, considered to be masterpieces of Buddhist religious art, is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.