Baiju Bawra, 1952
Music is what makes Bollywood truly unique from the rest of film industries in the world. Be it a comedy, tragedy, suspense thriller, family drama, social movie or horror, Bollywood relies heavily on music to entrance the attention of the audience. But what if the plot itself is centered on music? An outstanding soundtrack would be the result of such a film just like Baiju Bawra.
Released in the year 1952 the film is based on the legend of Baiju Bawra who was supposed to have lived during the Mughal reign. Baiju believes that Tansen, the famed the musician at the court of Akbar, is responsible for the death of his father. The film narrates how Baiju avenges Tansen by challenging him to a musical duel.
Directed by Vijay Bhatt, the film stars Bharat Bhushan and Meena Kumari in lead roles. The captivating soundtrack of the movie was composed by Naushad and the songs were penned by Shakeel Badayuni. The movie was successful both commercially and critically. It also brought its lead actors into stardom. Renowned playback singers like Mohammad Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar, Shamshad Begum, and renowned classical vocalists Amir Khan and D. V. Paluskar lent their voices to the score. Songs like "O Duniya Ke Rakhwale" based on raga Darbari, "Tu Ganga Ki Mouj" based on the raga Bhairavi are from this film. The film was produced by Prakash Pictures.