India : Area, population and Economy

India has often amazed and intrigued the world by the vast variety of castes and creeds, a unique Indian tradition of religious tolerance, a capacity for survival and by the unswerving adherence to its enduring traditions. India has the second largest population in the world and seventh largest area. 

India accounts for a meagre 2.4% of the world surface area of 135.79 million square kilometers. Yet it supports and sustains 16.7% of the world population. As per gross domestic production-purchase power parity, India is the fourth largest economy in the world.