One of the principal texts of Ayurveda
, the Indian system of medicine and health, is the Ashtanga Hrudaya (the essence of the eight sections). It was composed by Vagbhata
. Born in a Brahmin family in Sind near Karachi, he was taught Ayurvedic medicine by his father Sinhagupta and a Buddhist monk named Avalokita. Ashtanga Hrudaya is the third book in the Brihat Trayi (the great trilogy).