India is a democratic, sovereign, socialist, secular republic comprising twenty eight states and seven union territories The Indian Constitution came into being on 1950 January 26. India gained independence
from the colonial rule of Britain on August 15, 1947
. According to the constitution, the President (Rashtrapathi) is the supreme authority of the Indian Union. The central ministry consists of the Prime Minister and other ministers. The Indian parliament has two houses; Loksabha or the lower house and Rajyasabha or the upper house. Each state
has its own legislative assembly. They also have local assemblies like Municipal corporations and Panchayats.