First Independence Day

This episode electrified the general atmosphere of the struggle-torn India. Gandhi knew that the moment of another struggle is imminent.  He told the people about it through his columns in the journals. 

He reminded them of the fact that one who dedicated oneself for the country’s freedom had to sacrifice his everything for it.  His words kindled the fire of the fight for Indian freedom once again and Gandhi told them he had nothing new to offer other than the message of non-violence, of Satyagraha, of unity among Hindus and Muslims of India, of wearing the hand-spun and hand-woven clothes, of eschewing alcoholic drinks…

People rose up once again. By 1929, the different groups rallied once more under his banner. He moved the resolution in the Congress session held on the last day of the year declaring complete Independence as the goal of the party policy. 

It was evident that Gandhi had now thrown an open challenge to the British Rule in India. This challenge was repeated from millions of throats of Indians on January 26, 1930, which was celebrated as the country’s Independence Day. Gandhi was now at the forefront, spearheading the movement, once again.

In the meanwhile the general election in England was over and the Labor Party emerged as the largest party in the house, though not strong enough to form a government all by itself. Therefore, an alliance was formed, and the Labor leader, Ramsay McDonald took over as the Prime Minister. 

The new government withdrew the Simon Commission, and decided to grant Dominion status to India. Gandhi and a couple of others welcomed this statement from London, but it was strongly opposed by the youth leaders, Subhas Chandra Bose and Jawaharlal Nehru.