Bhagavad Gita means the divine song. The Gita
, as it is usually known, is the most widely read spiritual classic of India
. It is composed in the form of a dialogue between Lord Krishna
and the great warrior prince Arjuna just before the battle of Kurukshetra
described in the epic Mahabharata
. The Gita contains seven hundred verses divided into eighteen chapters.
While not as systematically defined and enumerated as in Patanjali
’s Yoga Sutra
, many aspects of yoga have been profoundly dealt with in the Gita also.
The three important pathways of yoga described in Gita are:
1. Karma Yoga
(yoga of unselfish action)
2. Bhakti Yoga
(yoga of devotion)
3. Jnana Yoga
(yoga of wisdom)
Simultaneously the Gita cautions us not to strictly consider Karma, Bhakti and Jnana Yogas as independent pathways to self-realization. As the fundamental streams of thought of all these three are interrelated, one should not regard just any one of them as a sufficient means to attain the ultimate goal.