In 1911, a provisional settlement of the Asiatic question in the Transvaal brought about a suspension of the satyagraha. In the following year, the Indian leader Gopala Krishna Gokhale visited South Africa and on the eve of his departure assured Gandhi that the Government has agreed to repeal the Black Act, but Gandhi doubted it. The government went back on their promise.
When a judgment of the Supreme Court ruled that only Christian marriages were legal in South Africa, turning at one stroke all Indian marriages in South Africa invalid and all Indian wives into concubines. This provoked women from India including Kasturbai, Gandhi’s wife, to join the struggle.