Jalandhar is located 80 km away from Amritsar in the Punjab state in India. It lies between the rivers Beas and Sutlej. It is at a distance of 146 km from the state capital, Chandigarh and 350 km from India’s capital Delhi. Jalandhar was the former capital of Punjab state. Jalandhar has the maximum number of non-residents of India (NRI).
The city was named after a demon king called “Jalandhara” who was mentioned in Indian epic Mahabharata. A few versions of the legend say that this city was the capital of the Kingdom of Lav, the son of Lord Rama. Yet other versions state that Jalandhar means “Area inside water” i.e. the region which lies between the rivers Beas and Sutlej. It was ruled by Hindus and the Mughals in succession. It is the oldest city of Punjab. Jalandhar now is one of the famous cities in India which produces world class sports equipment.
Jalandhar is famous for its gurudwaras, mandirs and masjids. Gurudwara Chhevin Padshahi is located in Basti Shaikh. This Gurudwara is situated exactly at the spot where the conversation between 6th Guru of Sikhs, Guru Hargobind and a Muslim saint Shaikh Darvesh took place. This Gurudwara houses the handwritten copy of Sri Guru Granth Sahib prepared by the great Sikh scholar Baba Deep Singh between 1715 and 1728. Kartarpur is located 16 km away from Jalandhar. Here tourists can see a Gurudwara built by the 5th Sikh Guru, Guru Arjun Devji in 1656. Every year on the Guruji’s birth anniversary a fair is held in this Gurudwara. The first prophet Guru Nanak obtained enlightenment in a place in Sultanpur Lodhi in Kapurthala district, 36 km away from Jalandhar. Gurudwara Ber Sahib is situated exactly in this area. It was from this place Guru Nanak had started his preaching named “Udhasis” in the Sikh tradition.
Devi Talab Mandir is exactly 1 km away from Jalandhar railway junction. An old Kali temple stands beside this mandir. Devi Talab Mandir houses an Amarnath Yatra model and a 200 year old masonry tank which is sacred to Hindus. Every year in December, a big gathering and performance of instrumental and vocal music exponents is held in this mandir. The Shiv Mandir is situated at Gur Mandi near Imam Nasir Mausoleum. It was built by the Nawab of Sultanpur Lodhi and it is a prefect blend of Hindu and Muslim architecture. The main gate is of Muslim style and rest of the mandir is in Hindu style. The Sodal Mandir houses a child deity. Devotees believe that this deity grants all their wishes. The Tulsi Mandir is located in the Kot Kishan Chand area in Jalandhar. It was built in the honor of Vrindha, the wife of demon king Jalandhara. Panch Mandir, an architecturally beautiful temple was built by Fateh Singh Ahluwaliah in Kapurthala town (21 km away).
The Imam Nasir Mausoleum and the Jama Masjid are mosques located in the heart of the Jalandhar and are 800 years and 400 years old respectively. The Moorish mosque in Kapurthala district was built by French architect Manteaux. Its design resembles Great Qutbiya Mosque in Morocco. The Handira Mosque is located in Sultanpur Lodhi and is famous for its intricate architecture.
The Pushpa Gujral Science City is the second largest science city located in the Jalandhar- Kapurthala highway in about 72 acres of land. Tourists of all ages can visit this place and have fun. This science city houses everything from Dinosaur models, GSLV Missile models to an artificial lake. The Wonder Land Theme Park is located 6 km from Jalandhar bus terminus and 8 Km from railway station. One can have fun with water games and water rides available in this theme park. The Desh-Bhagat Memorial Hall is constructed to honour the soldiers who lost their life in the freedom struggle.
Nearest airport is Raja Sansi airport in Amritsar, 80 km away. Jalandhar has its own railway station and bus terminus which connects the city with the rest of India.