The beginning of the yoga tradition originated in India
can be traced back from the period of Indus Valley Civilization
(300-200 BC). The seals
of meditative postures excavated from Harappa and Mohanjodaro bear ample evidence that the history of transcendental thought and spiritual practice in India had begun at a far earlier period than that of the Indus Valley Civilization.
Another outstanding figure in the line of yoga tradition is that of Gautama Buddha (563-483 BC).
philosophy in the pre-Buddhist Sanskrit
works such as the Upanishads
and the Bhagavad Gita
has moulded yoga system of thought. It has undergone a metamorphosis over many millennia. The Gita itself refers to yoga as an ancient system.
’s Yoga Sutra
(Between AD 400-500) is a concise and compact text on yoga. It is very much scientific and systematized.