Indian history of the first half of the twentieth century is in fact the biography of the last fifty years of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
, widely known as Mahatma Gandhi
. ‘Mahatma’ is a Sanskrit
term, also used in Hindi
and almost all other Indian languages, and it means ‘Great Soul’. For India
, officially, he is the Father of the Nation. For the World he is the modern apostle of non-violence
and a role model for morality and in public life, a great soul.