Bharatanatyam, which originated in Tamil Nadu, a southern state in India, is one of the oldest classical dance forms of the country. It is based on ‘Natya Sasthra’ written by the sage Bharata and hence the name. Bharatanatyam is a combination of Nritta (pure dance), Nritya (histrionic expression) and Natya (dramatic representation). The musical component of Bharatanatyam, which is Carnatic in style, uses Sanskrit, Telugu, and Kannada, besides Tamil. This classical dance form is full of unfettered rhythmic movements and expressions, which are devotional in spirit, highly stylized and sophisticated in technique.