Bharatanatyam, which originated in Tamil Nadu
, a southern state in India
, is one of the oldest classical dance forms of the country. It is based on ‘Natya Sasthra’ written by the sage Bharata and hence the name. Bharatanatyam is a combination of Nritta (pure dance), Nritya (histrionic expression) and Natya (dramatic representation). The musical component of Bharatanatyam, which is Carnatic in style, uses Sanskrit
, Telugu, and Kannada, besides Tamil. This classical dance form is full of unfettered rhythmic movements and expressions, which are devotional in spirit, highly stylized and sophisticated in technique.