Sardar Bhagat Singh

Right from his childhood, the British were Bhagat’s enemies and he wanted to fight against them. The massacre of Jalianwallahbagh (1919) filled the mind of the young Bhagat with an urge for vengeance. He was just 12 when the massacre took place. When he was 13, he jumped into politics. Civil Disobedience, boycotting foreign clothes and other ideas of Gandhi inspired him deeply. He grew up into a good organizer and powerful orator, and became a member of the central committee of ‘The Hindustan Republican Association’, and soon its general secretary.

He founded a semi-military outfit of the youth styled ‘Nav Jawan Bharat Sabha’ to instill a revolutionary spirit into the young people. He also worked on the editorial board of a socialist weekly called ‘Keerti’. Bhagat Singh worked with other revolutionaries and extremists like Chandrasekhar Azad, Sukh Dev, Raj Guru, B.K. Dutt, Kishorilal, Jaidev, Shiva sharma, Gaya Prasad, and Ajaya Ghosh. Tehri aim was achieving complete freedom and setting up a socialist nation. Bhagat set up branches of his organization, the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association, all over Punjab. He started writing in various periodicals using different pen-name on topics of extreme political significance.

Bhagat Singh and his comrades refused to yield before the courts and police. In order to put the revolutionaries to trial, the government issued a special order styled ‘Lahore conspiracy case Ordinance 1930’ and it was this ordinance which gave legality to the punishment given to Bhagat Singh and his colleagues.

The hanging of the three revolutionaries brought a gloom of sorrow all over India and the whole country observed hartal as a mark of sorrow. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose said: “Sardar Bhagat Singh was the symbol of the revolutionary spirit that inspired the whole country. And the flame that he kindled will never go out.”