In the war front, Japan was advancing towards India after conquering Malaya, Singapore and Burma. India could be conquered any time.
Gandhi and a large number of the leaders in the Congress saw the ‘danger’ and they thought the danger could be averted if only the British left India on their own, once and for all. But the British did not seem to be able to defend India, nor would they allow India to defend itself.
After long deliberations among leaders of various groups, Gandhi drafted a resolution to be presented before the All India Congress Committee session to be held in Bombay on August 7, 1942. The resolution called upon the British to “Quit India” and the resolution was accepted by the congress session.
Addressing the historic session, Gandhi made it clear that the quarrel is not with the British people, but it was just the fight against imperialism. “The proposal for the withdrawal of the British power did not come out of anger. It came to enable India to play its due part at the present critical juncture,” he clarified the situation.
And soon Gandhi began preparations for a renewed satyagraha movement to see that the British quit India a golden chapter of Indian Independence struggle.
The movement was to begin on the 9th of August. On the 8th itself, the government decided to take stern action against the congress and to face its the movement using all the powers under its disposal.