Gurgaon, a satellite town of Delhi, Haryana

Gurgaon is an impressive and a splendid location for travelers who wish to have a combined pleasure of the architectural, devotional and nature treasures of Haryana. Gurgaon is in the state of Haryana, India positioned in the National Capital Region (NCR) of Delhi, north India. Gurgaon is one among the major satellite towns of Delhi. This district is bordered by Rajasthan and Delhi.

From the sacred epic Mahabharata, it is evident that the district Guru-gram (gram meaning village), later distorted as “Gurgaon”, was given to Guru Dronacharya as gurudakshina (fees) by his student Yudhishtar, the eldest among the Pandavas.

When the Mughal empire collapsed, this district came under the British rule. During 1821, the district was partitioned into segments. Each segment was called a Pargana and were distributed as jagirs, to those who provided them with military assistance. In the midst of the 18th Century, it was shifted to Punjab from the north western territory and was reorganized into five tehsils namely Gurgaon, Palwal, Nuh, Jhirka and Riwari.

From the Gurgaon town, Gurgaon village is 1.5 kms, where Sheetala Mata Mandir is situated and it is the centre of attraction to innumerable devotees and tourists every Monday and Tuesday. Other alluring tourist sights here are the Shiv temple and the Sheesh Mahal. The sacrosanct Sheetala Devi temple is said to have been devoted to the goddess of small pox. The Damdama lake, located to the south of Gurgaon, offers picnic spots, rides in hot air balloons and boating too.

The Sultanpur Bird sanctuary of Haryana would be a delightful feast for ardent nature lovers. It was started in 1972 by a popular ornithologist, Peter Jackson. This sanctuary spreads across 44.5 hectares and has innumerable kids of birds visiting every year during winter. The birds that migrate here mainly are from Siberia and Europe. To facilitate tourists and travelers, guest houses, hideouts, bird watching towers and a marvelous bird museum are maintained here.

Another magnificent spot in this district is the Saras complex amidst the Aravalli hills. There is a dent before these hills bank up on one side and a deep lake nearly 8 kms in length has been formed. The lake is nourished by rain water. The city of Sohna (the Millennium City), is surrounded by greenery and dancing peacocks entertain travelers. Sohna has mineral springs, which are believed to have medicinal qualities.

Today, Gurgaon is an industrial hub and the cyber city of Haryana. As a matter of fact many manufacturing industries are located here. Maruti Udyog Ltd., the largest car manufacturer in India have their manufacturing plant here. Gurgaon is also known for its supremacy in the fields of Software and Information Technology.

Gurgaon is known as the unofficial mall capital of India and it is noteworthy that, the Gurgaon urban area accounts for a major chunk of the income tax of Haryana. The government has plans to have an eight-lane toll expressway shortly and the metro railway running by 2010. 10 kms from Delhi, There is the Indira Gandhi International Airport.