March 23, 1931. Sitting in the shadows of gallows, Sardar Bhagat Singh
, the great Indian freedom fighter and revolutionary took a pen for the last time to jot down a letter for the last time. It was to his young brother that he wrote that letter. Bhagat Singh wrote: “I was very sad to see tear drops from your eyes. Your words were trembled in pain. I am a guest here for a few minutes. I am going to disappear soon as the sheen of the dawn. But the wind will carry the lightning of my thought. Be contended, my countrymen. We are going…”
At 7.30 at night, he was hanged at the Central Prison of Lahore, along with two others for his role in Indian freedom struggle.
April 8, 1929. The Central Legislative Hall was shell-shocked at the sound of a hand bombs exploding. The members sat trembling in the din and smoke. A louder noise of slogan shouting filled the air. A couple of people were shouting from the gallery for visitors, after throwing the bombs on the floor of the house. Theirs was a strange slogan -“Inquilab Zindabad!” Let Revolution Prevail! It was for the first time that any one used such a slogan. They also threw some pamphlets. They were Bhagat Singh and his friend B.K. Dutt. They were arrested then and there at the visitors’ Gallery. They were punished with an expulsion order for life. In the meanwhile, the police unearthed a bomb-making hide out and three other people were arrested. Sardar Bhagat Singh
, Rajguru, and Sukhdev the revolutionaries were made the culprits and ordered to be hanged for the offences they perpetrated on the Empire.
These events and the heroic martyrdom of Bhagat Singh and his comrades filled the minds of people with a new found urge for freedom and a new spirit for the fight for it. Bhagat Singh became a national hero of India’s independence movement.
Sardar Bhagat Singh
was born in the village Banga (now in Pakistan) of Layapur district in the Western Punjab as the second of the five kids of Kishan Singh and Vidyavati. It was a family of revolutionaries who fought against the British rule and became martyres. Bhagat was born on the day when Kishan Singh, the father, was released from jail. And the child was given the name ‘Bhagat’ to mean ‘fortune’.