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Hansi, a town known for historic relics
Hansi is the apt location for those who are interested in exploring the history of India. Hansi is a town 16m to the east of Hissar district in Haryana state, India. Hansi has been under the influence of varied cultures from hindu to islamic to british and hence has a multi-religious influence.
Hansi is famous for its forts, tombs, mosques and shrines, its architectural and archaeological value across civilizations. Punjabi and Hindi are the widely used languages in Hansi. It is a semi arid city. Peda, the famous milk sweet is made and sold at various locations in and around Hansi.
The Mahabharata refers to Hansi as Asi or Asika. Regarding its origin, a few people say that Hansi was founded by the king Anangapal Tomar for his guru Hansakar. A few others are of the view that it was established by the daughter of Prithvi Raj Chauhan.
Hansi is a live example of the Harappan civilisation. Hansi is known as the home to a number of Saints like Jagganath Puri (Hindu Guru), Baba Farid (Sufi Saint) and Guru Gobind Singh, the 10th guru of Sikhism. People belonging to different castes like Jains, Brahmins and Sainis had settled here during the Mughal reign.
In 1705, Guru Gobind Singh inspired the Hindus to revolt against the partiality shown against them. Hansi was conquered by the Marathas during 1736. In the middle of the seventeenth century, by winning the third battle of Panipet, Ahmed Shah Abdali ruled over Hansi and Hansi came under the Islamic reign. During 1802, Hansi came under the rule of the British East India Company. Later, during 1947, when the British India was separated as India and Pakistan, most Muslims shifted to Pakistan.
The tourist spots to visit at Hansi City are its 5 gates facing 5 directions viz., the Delhi gate (East), the Hissar gate (west), the Barsi gate (South), the Gosain Gate (north-west) and the Umra Gate (south). Among these five gates, Barsi gate is considered as an excellent architectural piece, which would impress the visitor at first sight. This gate has been constructed by Alauddin Khilji during 1304 and has been built in the centre of the bazaar, which attracts a large number of tourists.
Another significance of Hansi is its fort. The Square shaped Prithvi Raj Chauhan Fort also known as Asigarh, was built in order to defend the city and was captured by Mughals later. During the 17th century, this fort had been as a sword manufacturing centre and was exporting swords to various Arab countries. It is said that, to connect the present Hansi and Hisar, an underground tunnel had been constructed by Firoz Shah Tuglaq.
The fort is spread over 30 acres and there are about eighty forts that stand in and around the area to support it. The statues of Gauthama Buddha and Mahavira are erected outside the fort.
To get spiritually enlightened, the shrines of the 4 Sufi saints are situated on the west of Hansi at Dargah Char Qutub. Gujari Mahal is another tourist spot to explore and enjoy the construction styles of the Mughals. The Yaudheya dynasty’s coins and painted Grey Wares have been discovered recently.
The Blackbird resorts have been constructed and maintained by Haryana Tourism in order to provide the tourists and travellers a location to take a break after long trips. To reach Hansi via air, Palam Domestic Airport at Delhi is the nearest airport. Travellers by train, need to get down at Hansi railway station.