Mizoram is one of the Seven Sister States in north east India on the border with Myanmar. Its population during the 2001 census stood at 888,573. Mizoram's 98.1% literacy rate is second highest among Indian states after Kerala.
Mizoram is a mountainous region which became the 23rd state of the Indian Union in February, 1987. It was one of the districts of Assam until January 21, 1972 when it became a Union Territory. Sandwiched between Myanmar in the east and south and Bangladesh in the west, Mizoram occupies an area of great strategic importance in the northeastern corner of India.
Mizoram has the most mountainous terrain in the eastern part of India. The highest peak in Mizoram is the Blue Mountain (Phawngpui) with a height of 2210 metres.
The biggest river in Mizoram is River Kaladan also known as Chhimtuipui Lui in local Mizo language. It originates from the Chin State in Myanmar and passes through Saiha and Lawngtlai districts in the Southern tip of Mizoram and goes back to Myanmar’s Rakhine state and finally empties into the Bay of Bengal at Akyab, a very popular port in Sittwe, Myanmar.
Although many more rivers and streamlets drain the hill ranges, the most important and useful rivers are the Tlawng (also known as Dhaleswari or Katakhal), Tut (Gutur), Tuirial (Sonai) and Tuivawl which flow through the northern territory and eventually join the Barak River in Cachar District.
In terms of economic development, Mizoram has lagged behind when compared to the rest of the country. Cottage industries and other small–scale industries play an important role in its current economy. Nearly 70% of the population is engaged in agriculture.
With its abundant scenic beauty and a pleasant climate, Mizoram hopes to develop its tourist–related industries. Specific tourist projects can be developed to put Mizoram on the tourist map of India. With the development of Reiek resort centre and a number of other resort centres in and around Aizawl, as well as the establishment of tourists’ huts across the entire state, tourism has been much developed. The ever smiling faces of the Mizos is an experience to cherish, and gives new meaning to life. Tourists require a special permit for visits.
Facts at a glance
Time zone – IST (UTC+5:30), Area – 21,081 km² (8,139 sq mi), Capital – Aizawl, Largest city – Aizawl, District(s) – 8, Population – 888,573 (27th), Density – 42 /km² (109 /sq mi), Language(s) – Mizo, English, Established 1987–02–20 Legislature (seats) Unicameral (40) ISO abbreviation IN–MZ